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Sié Chéou-Kang CenterPrivate Security Monitor

A helicopter transports people and supplies outside Baghdad

National Regulations

Iraq

The prevalence of contractors generally, and private security companies in particular, since the war starting in 2003 and the subsequent occupation in Iraq means that the status of PMSC regulation in Iraq is of particular interest. The laws brought into effect during the period of the Coalition Provisional Authority (from April 2003 to June 2004) largely remain the law in effect today, despite Iraq now having its own government. The Iraqi parliament has reportedly been considering a new law on the regulation of private security companies for the past few years. 

IRAQ REGULATIONS

 

Iraq: Draft Law on PSC

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This draft law entitled “The Law of subjecting Non-Iraqi Security Companies and its Contractors to the Provisions of the Iraqi law”, has remained in draft form since it was introduced to the Council of Representatives in 2008.

Iraq: Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 17

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This Memorandum, building on Order Number 3, established a mechanism for all PSCs to be registered, regulated and vetted through a process of issuing licenses by the Iraqi Ministry of the Interior.  Under the law, PSCs are required to submit a refundable bond against performance in accordance with the law.  The law further establishes grounds for refusal, suspension and revocation of licenses, gives a mandate to the Ministry of the Interior to establish an Oversight Committee with general inspection and auditing responsibility, and sets-out the limitations and responsibilities of Private Security Companies.  The law contains binding rules for the use of force and a code of conduct that all PSCs must follow.

Iraq: Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 3(Rev)

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This Order regulates the possession and use of certain types of weapons, stating specifically that private security firms may be licensed by the Ministry of the Interior to possess and use licensed Firearms and Military Weapons, excluding Special Category Weapons, in the course of their duties, including in public places.

Iraq: Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 91

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Partners: DCAF

 
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This Order prohibits illegal armed forces and militias within Iraq but includes some exceptions, including “those contractors covered by CPA Order Number 17” and private security companies and their employees provided the PSC meets certain criteria.