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Sié Chéou-Kang CenterPrivate Security Monitor

John Ruggie, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and other business entreprises, addresses the Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland.

Global Efforts

The Special Representative and the Working Group on Business and Human Rights

In 2005, Professor John Ruggie (U.S.) was appointed to the post of Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Business and Human Rights, tasked with defining the roles and responsibilities of states, companies and other social actors in the business and human rights sphere. The Special Representative, whose mandate ended in 2011, reported to both the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) and UN General Assembly. 

In 2008, after extensive research and consultations with governments, business and civil society, Special Representative Ruggie presented to the HRC the non-binding "Protect, Respect and Remedy" Framework for Business and Human Rights. The Framework outlines the responsibilities of companies (including security companies and firms that hire them) to protect citizens against human rights abuses through the implementation of appropriate policies, regulations, and remedial measures. In June 2011, the compliance and oversight mechanism or "Guiding Principles" for the Framework was completed and endorsed by the HRC. 

In 2011 the HRC established a Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises to carry on the work of the Special Representative. The Working Group has since created a Forum where good practices and lessons learned on the implementation of the Framework and Guiding Principles can be debated and discussed. 

The reports of the Special Representative and Working Group can be found below. The Special Representative reported to the UN Human Rights Council yearly between 2005 and 2011;  the Framework and corresponding Guiding Principles appear with his documents. The official reports of the Working Group are also set forth. 

Official Documents Submitted by the Special Representative


Official Reports of the Working Group