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Sié Chéou-Kang CenterPrivate Security Monitor

Meeting at the UN Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

Global Efforts

Open-ended Working Group

The United Nations Human Right Council, on 1 October 2010, adopted resolution 15/26 by which it established an open-ended intergovernmental working group to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies. The open-ended working group has the option to expand on the draft text proposed by the Working Group on the use of mercenaries. All UN Member and Observer States, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations with ECOSOC consultative status may attend working group sessions.

Visit the website of the Open-Ended Working Group


Documents from the First Session

The first session of the UN open-ended intergovernmental working group to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies was held from 23 to 27 May 2011.

Pre-session Documents

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In Session Documents

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Post-session Documents

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Documents from the Second Session

The second session of the UN open-ended intergovernmental working group to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies was held from 13 to 17 August 2012, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

After having discussed inter alia the work of the UN Working Group on Mercenaries, the UN Guiding Principles, the Montreux Document and the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers, the over 50 governments that attended the meeting reached consensus on recommendations to the Human Rights Council. These include to continue the substantive discussion in the open-ended inter-governmental working group with the participation of experts and all relevant stakeholder for a further two year period as well as that it consider both the possibility of an international regulatory framework, and also other approaches and strategies, including international standards, and the way in which they might interact to protect human rights. The Human Rights Council will review the report of this second session in its 22nd session in February/March 2013.Pre-session Documents

In-session Documents

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Post-session Documents

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Documents from the Third Session

The third session of the UN open-ended intergovernmental working group to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies was held from 21 to 25 July 2014, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.  The session was originally scheduled for December of 2013, but was rescheduled after the passing of Nelson Mandela.

Representatives from 60 governments, as well as non-governmental organizations and experts in the field attended the session. The Working Group discussed the distinction between services provided by private military and private security companies, noting the range of activities performed by these organizations and suggesting a comprehensive definition of PMSCs be established. Participants also reviewed existing national legislation for the registration, licensing and contracting of PMSCs and assess the lack uniformity in law at the national level that may be ameliorated by an international legal instrument with specific human rights criteria. The Working Group also discussed the possibility of a legally binding regulatory instrument or international standard that will ensure protection of human rights in regards to the use of PMSCs.  

Pre-session Documents

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Post-session Documents

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Documents from the Fourth Session

The fourth session of the UN open-ended intergovernmental working group to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies was held from 27 April to 1 May 2015, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

Representatives from governments, as well as non-governmental organizations and experts in the field attended the session. Also in attendance was the Chair of the Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination to discuss the relationship between PMSCs and mercenary activities.  

Pre-session Documents

NA

In-session Documents

NA

Post-session Documents

NA

Documents from the Fifth Session

The fifth session of the UN open-ended intergovernmental working group to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies was held from 12 to 16 December 2016 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

Representatives from governments, as well as non-governmental organizations and experts in the field attended the session. Also in attendance was the Chair of the Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination to discuss the relationship between PMSCs and mercenary activities.  Pre-session, in-session, and post-session documents are available below.  

Pre-session Documents

NA

In-session Documents

NA

Post-session Documents

NA

Documents from the Sixth Session

The sixth session of the UN open-ended intergovernmental working group to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies was held from 22 to 24 May 2017 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

Representatives from governments, as well as non-governmental organizations and experts in the field attended the session. Also in attendance was the Chair of the Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination to discuss the relationship between PMSCs and mercenary activities.  Pre-session and in-session documents are available below.  

Pre-session Documents

NA

In-session Documents

NA