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Sié Chéou-Kang CenterPrivate Security Monitor

Helicopter transports people and supplies in Iraq.

Reports & Analysis

NGO Reports

Some non-governmental organizations have focused specifically on the global military and security industry. Human rights advocates in particular have monitored the industry by gathering news stories, reports, and company profiles, and by tracking judicial proceedings that involve private security companies and personnel. Humanitarian NGOs have had increasing contact with the PMSC industry given their work on the ground and have issued reports and guidelines on NGO use of private security service providers.

Selected NGO reports addressing both the conduct of and interaction with private security forces appear below, organized by issuing organization.

American Civil Liberties Union

The American Civil Liberties Union (commonly known as the ACLU) is a non-profit advocacy group in the United States. It works through litigation, publicity and lobbying to "preserve the individual rights and liberties that the Constitution and laws of the United States guarantee."


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Amnesty International

Amnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize winning organization. It is currently the world's largest grassroots human rights organization, they investigate and expose abuses, educate and mobilize the public, and help transform societies to create a safer, more just world. Their direct work is relatively limited on Private Security and Military Companies.


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Business and Human Rights Resource Centre

The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre is a non-profit organization with researchers throughout the world. It has become a leading independent resource on the subject of business and human rights, and the organization's website is updated hourly with news and reports about companies' human rights impacts worldwide – positive and negative.

The Centre hosts a portal on Business, Conflict and Peace, which focuses on corporate impacts on conflict and conflict zones. The portal publishes a Bulletin on Private Military and Security Services twice a year, the Bulletin highlights key developments in the field from the past six months.


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Center for Public Integrity

The Center for Public Integrity is a non-profit investigative news organization based in Washington, DC. Their mission is to enhance democracy by exposing abuses of power, corruption and other flaws of powerful public and private institutions. They focus on accountability and transparency, and use investigative journalism to conduct their mission. 

The Center has several multi-story features upon the U.S. military contracting industry, in particular for Iraq and Afghanistan. Their series Windfalls of War examines the billions of dollars awarded on a no-bid contract basis to companies, and the performance of those companies in meeting the contracts. The series Outsourcing the Pentagon reports on who the government uses for contracts, which companies get the most contract money, and how they manage to win so many. Several of the documents that CPI received through the Freedom of Information Act are listed on the PSM Industry Contracts page. 

CORE

CORE is a UK civil society coalition on corporate accountability with a mission of putting people and the planet at the core of business. CORE aims to reduce business-related human rights and environmental abuses by ensuring companies can be held to account for their impacts both at home and abroad, and to guarantee access to justice for people adversely affected by corporate activity.


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CorpWatch

CorpWatch is a non-profit organization that investigates multinational corporations that profit from war, fraud, environmental, human rights and other abuses. The CorpWatch website  contains a section dedicated to war and disaster profiteering with news articles, private security company profiles, and analysis on the relationship between private industry, the U.S. Armed Forces and federal policy makers.


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The Fund for Peace

The Fund for Peace program on Sustainable Development and Security seeks to promote better oversight and accountability of private security contractors in contingency operations. By engaging with government, NGOs, the private sector, and local communities, the program seeks to better facilitate understanding of and adherence to the International Code of Conduct for Private Security among all stakeholders.


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Global Policy Forum

The Global Policy Forum is an independent policy watchdog that monitors the work of the United Nations and scrutinizes global policymaking. GPF works particularly on the UN Security Council, the food and hunger crisis, and the global economy. It seeks to promote accountability and citizen participation in decisions on peace and security, social justice and international law.


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Human Rights First

Human Rights First has issued several reports outlining the issues surrounding crimes, accountability and oversight over U.S. contractors fielded abroad. The organization has also put forth recommendations to establish accountability and oversight for private security and other contractors in conflict zones.


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Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch is one of the world's leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights. Human Rights Watch has on-the-ground researchers monitoring human rights conditions in some 80 countries around the world, and publishes its findings in more than 100 reports and hundreds of news releases each year. 


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International Alert

International Alert is an independent organization that works to lay the foundations for lasting peace and security in communities affected by violent conflict. The effective provision of security and justice is one of its main areas of focus. Working with Saferworld and the UNDP/Stability Pact South Eastern Europe Small Arms Clearinghouse (SEESAC) International Alert completed a survey of the implications of the privatization of security in South Eastern Europe. It has also published reports on the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.  


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International Coalition to Control PMSC

The International Coalition to Control PMSC is a global civil society campaign seeking to regulate the private military and security company sector. The initiative is formed by two organizations, the Iraqi Civil Society Solidarity Initiative and the International Institute for Nonviolent Action. The Coalition has issued one report, intended as a resource for the UN Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries.


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International Institute for Nonviolent Action (NOVACT)

The International Institute for Nonviolent Action (NOVACT), based out of Barcelona, promotes international peace building actions in conflict situations. The NGO maintains a global network of experts and activists in the Middle East, Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia, the Institute supports nonviolent movements, working for change and social transformation, and develops nonviolent interventions to protect vulnerable communities in conflict situations.


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International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)

Founded in the 1920s, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), is a non-partisan NGO committed to defending and civil, political, cultural, social, and economic rights as set out in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. FIDH is a federation of 164 member organizations that seek to fulfill the strategic goals of the group as set out by the decision making bodies of the organization. The group also sponsors and supports reports on human rights violations around the world. 


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International NGO Safety and Security Association

The International NGO Safety & Security Association (INSSA) is a non-profit global membership association of individuals and organizations committed to improving the quality and effectiveness of safety and security for humanitarian relief and development assistance workers operating in complex and dangerous environments around the world. Membership is free and to access INSAA resources and publications, membership is required. 

One Earth Future

One Earth Future is a foundation dedicated to developing effective systems of governance to help achieve sustainable peace. The organization includes several research programs including Oceans Beyond Piracy. 


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Open Briefing

Open Briefing bills itself as "the world's first civil society intelligence agency." It produces intelligence and security briefings on a range of security, foreign policy, and defense issues.


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Platform London

Platform London is an activist organization that combines art, research, and education into their projects. Their focus is on the social, economic, and environmental impacts of the global oil industry.


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Project on Government Oversight

Founded in 1981, the Project On Government Oversight (POGO) is a nonpartisan independent watchdog that champions good government reforms. POGO's investigations into corruption, misconduct, and conflicts of interest achieve a more effective, accountable, open, and ethical federal government. 


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Project Ploughshares

Founded in 1976, Project Ploughshares is a non-governmental organization that works with churches, governments and civil society, in Canada and abroad, to advance policies and actions to prevent war and armed violence and build peace.

A project, a collaboration between Project Ploughshares and the Institute of International Relations of The University of West Indies, contributes to the still limited published information on Private Security Companies (PSCs) in the Caribbean by creating case studies on the private security industry.


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Rights and Accountability in Development

Rights and Accountability in Development (RAID) promotes respect for human rights and responsible conduct by companies abroad. RAID works to ensure that companies that perpetrate human rights abuses, cause environmental harm or engage in corruption or financial impropriety are held to account. Working closely with affected communities, RAID seeks redress through complaints mechanisms and legal actions throughout the world, as well as advising governments, companies and international institutions on good practice.

RAID has focused attention on the use made by the Congolese military of Anvil Mining Limited's logistic and security personnel in a counter-offensive to crush insurgents in the town of Kilwa in October 2004, and publishes its investigative findings on its website.  In March of 2015, RAID issued an executive summary titled Principles without Justice: The corporate takeover of human rights that includes conclusions and recommendations for incorporating human rights into business operations around the globe. 

 

Saferworld

Saferworld is an independent, nongovernmental organization that works with governments and civil society internationally to research, promote and implement new strategies to increase human security and prevent armed violence.


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War on Want

War on Want is an organization that fights poverty in developing countries in partnership with people affected by globalization. It campaigns for human rights and against the root causes of global poverty, inequality and injustice. War on Want has a campaign for tougher legal regulation of Private Military & Security Companies and has produced reports and letter-writing campaigns to advance this cause.


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