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Sié Chéou-Kang CenterPrivate Security Monitor

An expert from ArmorGroup (left) trains local members of the Nepal and Maoist Armies on the safe removal of unexploded devices.

Welcome to the

Private Security Monitor

The Private Security Monitor promotes access to information concerning the use and regulation of private military and security services throughout the world.

Overview

Private Security Monitor

The global private military and security industry offers opportunities for both states and non-state actors to pursue goals that require the management of violence. Many raise concerns, however, that force raised in this way can operate outside of the law or in a manner inconsistent with the obligations of international laws and norms or public values. In response to these concerns, a variety of initiatives have been launched to regulate this industry.

Publicly available information is crucial to the success of these regulatory efforts. Accordingly, the Private Security Monitor project was created to support governance in this sector by serving as an annotated guide to laws, data, reports and analysis related to the private provision of military and security services.

WHAT ARE PRIVATE MILITARY AND SECURITY SERVICES?

In the broadest sense, military and security services are services intended to manage violence – on land or sea. Commonly these services include personal security, military training, security consulting, technical support for the operation and maintenance of military equipment, procurement, brokering of military equipment, explosive ordnance disposal, logistical support for military operations and bases, and intelligence collection and analysis.

"Private" military and security services are those either financed or delivered by a body other than a government. The focus of concern here is on companies that deliver these services and the states, companies, and non-governmental organizations that finance them. Companies that deliver a range of these services are often called private military and security companies or PMSCs. Those who only deliver security services are referred to as private security companies or PSCs. Though logically speaking a variety of informal or customary bodies that manage violence could also be said to be private, these fall outside the Private Security Monitor project.

Our primary attention on this website falls on services that have a transnational dimension. Many states have large domestic private security industries, but at this time the Private Security Monitor project does not endeavor to cover services unless there is an explicit transnational link.